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List Of African Countries That Have Abolished Capital Punishment

Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is execution of an offender sentenced to death after conviction by a court of law of a criminal offense. Capital punishment has been a matter of controversy in several countries and among several humanitarian groups. Amnesty International has labeled the practice a “cruel”, “inhuman” and “degrading” punishment.

In Africa, of all 54 countries, only 22 have abolished capital punishment, the rest practice it either in absolution (ordinary crimes and special crimes) or partially in circumstances such as war crimes. 

Although, for over 10 years many African countries have carried out no executions, in 2019 however, there were around 50+ executions, with Egypt leading the way with over 29 capital punishments carried out.

Unfortunately, Nigeria still practices capital punishment, and just last month, a judge in Lagos issued a death sentence via video conferencing application, Zoom.

Below are the 22 African Countries that have abolished the death penalty.

1. Angola

Year of abolition – 1992

2. Benin

Year of abolition – 2016

3. Burundi

Year of abolition – 2009

4. Burkina Faso

Year of abolition – 2018

5. Cape Varde

Year of abolition – 1981

6. Chad

Year of abolition – 2020

7. Cote d’Ivoire

Year of abolition – 2000

8. Congo

Year of abolition – 2015

9. Djibouti

Year of abolition – 1995

10. Gabon

Year of abolition – 2010

11. Guinea

Year of abolition – 2017

12. Guinea-Bissau

Year of abolition – 1993

13. Madagascar

Year of abolition – 2015

14. Mauritius

Year of abolition – 1995

15. Mozambique

Year of abolition – 1980

16. Namibia

Year of abolition – 1990

17. Rwanda

Year of abolition – 2007

18. Sao Tome and Principe

Year of abolition – 1990

19. Senegal

Year of abolition – 2000

20. Seychelles

Year of abolition – 1993

21. South Africa

Year of abolition – 1995

22. Togo

Year of abolition – 2009

Written by Emeka Nweze

Content writer and contributor.

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